The Impact of Karate Frameworks : Pros and Cons

The impact of karate frameworks

The Impact of Karate Frameworks : Pros and Cons

Karate, an open-source framework is used for API test automation. Behaviour Driven Development (BDD) framework’s Gherkin syntax is used for writing API tests in Karate.

But Karate retains its differences from other BDD frameworks, such as JBehave, Specflow, and Cucumber. The key point of difference in Karate from these BDD frameworks is that in Karate, all the step definitions are already written for us, so, we need not have to worry about writing them again. This way, even non-developers can easily write API tests for the services.

Karate is a path-breaking API test automation tool in several ways. Through the current times, the finest way to reduce repetitive and manual work is to adopt an automation first mindset. When we think in this way, we can move quickly and this also induces work efficiency.

When one is freed from the burden of work that is repetitive and mundane, the focus can shift to solving problems. This creates value in the Software Development Life Cycle. Karate helps in this regard because it is a tool that is easy to maintain and helps us write automated tests quickly.

 Numerous developers and corporate organizations from around the world use Karate for writing automated tests and are delighted with the results. They are empowered to switch their focus upon improving automation coverage and figure out even more areas where they can reduce the effort in manual testing. While they can turn their focus to real problems, avoiding false alarms is simplified as well. A team can use Karate for writing automated tests even if they have limited knowledge of programming.

Let us take a look at the pros and cons of Karate:

PROS

  • Easy to start with little coding
  • Karate features native JSON support and one can write JSON expressions right within feature files
  • Karate features a very powerful JSON validation
  • In Karate, one can do coding in JS or java
  • Karate features a multi-thread parallel execution
  • It has detailed logs and reporting
  • By integrating the Gatling framework, performance testing can also be conducted

CONS

  • Karate uses its own scripting language
  • There is no IntelliSense support in IDE
  • Finding errors in code is not easy

Read More : How To Automate API Test Cases Using Rest Assured?

Conclusion

Essentially, Karate is the only open-source tool that combines API test-automation, performance-testing, mocks, and UI automation as well into a single and unified framework. The BDD syntax that Cucumber has gone on to popularize is language-neutral, which makes it easy for nonprogrammers as well.

One of the reasons why Karate is preferred is that it works well even for teams that are not comfortable with Java. With Karate, one does not have to compile the code. Instead, one merely has to write tests in a syntax that is readable and simple. The syntax should be designed carefully for HTTP, JSON, GraphQL, and XML. This way, one can mix API and UI test automation within the same script.

A Java API is also available for the users who prefer a programmatic integration of Karate’s rich data-assertion and automation capabilities.

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