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In-Depth Comparison: Playwright Vs Other Automation Testing Tools 

By September 27, 2023No Comments5 min read
Playwright Test Automation Tool

In today’s software testing arena, choosing the right automation tool is pivotal for any software testing company. Playwright has emerged as a contender, offering robust web application testing capabilities. This article conducts an in-depth Playwright comparison, pitting it against other leading automation testing tools. We aim to help you make an informed decision, exploring strengths, weaknesses, and compatibility. 

What is Playwright and Features of Playwright That Set It Apart?

Playwright is a relatively new but powerful automation tool developed by Microsoft. What sets Playwright apart from other automation tools are its unique features and capabilities: 

1. Built-in Video Recording: Playwright offers built-in video recording of test runs. This feature is valuable for debugging and diagnosing test failures, and it’s not as seamlessly integrated into other tools. 

2. Codegen: An ability to generate tests by recording user actions, saving them in various programming languages. 

3. Playwright Inspector: A built-in tool for inspecting web pages, generating selectors, navigating through test executions, visualizing click points, and exploring execution logs. 

4. Trace Viewer: A comprehensive debugging tool that captures a wealth of information for investigating test failures, including a test execution screencast, live DOM snapshots, action exploration, test source code, and more. 

As per the Playwright GitHub repository, Playwright continues to gain significant traction and popularity.

55.2k Stars

3k Forks

38k Used by

459 Contributors

Now that we have a good understanding of Playwright’s unique features, let’s compare it with some of the other leading test automation tools in 2023. 

Playwright Vs cypress Vs selenium Vs WebdriverIO  Vs Robot Framework Features 

Aspect Playwright Cypress Selenium WebdriverIO Robot Framework 
Introduction Playwright is a test automation framework known for its speed, multi-language support, and rich built-in features. Cypress is a JavaScript-based framework designed for end-to-end testing.   Selenium is a widely adopted open-source tool for web automation.   WebdriverIO is a popular WebDriver-based test automation framework.   Robot Framework is a keyword-driven, open-source automation framework.    
Architecture Playwright uses a multi-process architecture, separating browser instances to improve stability and performance. Cypress uses a unique architecture, running directly within the browser to provide real-time DOM snapshots.   Selenium employs a client-server architecture with a WebDriver server that communicates with browser drivers.   WebdriverIO operates with a WebDriver server and communicates with browser drivers for test execution.   Robot Framework follows a modular architecture with libraries for different functionalities.    
Framework Setup Fast and easy to set up Easy setup, but less versatile Can be complex, configuration-heavy Swift and straightforward Variable complexity, modularity 
Built-in Features Abundant built-in features Limited built-in features Extensible with plugins Offers essential features Modularity with libraries 
Logging and Reporting Minimal need for custom utilities Requires additional setup Requires setup Some built-in capabilities Customizable with keywords 
Screenshot & Video Recording Automatically provided after run External configuration needed External configuration needed Some built-in features Requires custom setup 
Autowait Functionality Built-in, no external wait required Limited, may need external wait Built-in, may need fine-tuning Built-in autowait Customizable waiting 
API Request Automation Supported Not natively supported Supported Supported Supported 
Mobile Web View Automation Supported Limited support Limited support Supported Limited support 
Cross-browser Testing Extensive browser support Limited to Chromium-based Broad browser support Broad browser support Limited support 
Scripting Language Supports multiple languages Primarily JavaScript Multiple languages JavaScript-centric Supports multiple languages 
CI/CD Integration Convenient setup Setup may require adjustments Requires configuration Convenient setup Varies with setup 
Primary Focus (Web Automation) Strong choice Strong focus General purpose Strong focus Strong choice 
Community and Support Active community Active community Large community Active community Active community 
Ease of Learning Relatively easy for JavaScript devs Easy for JavaScript developers Requires Java or other languages Approachable for JS developers Learning curve depends on experience 
Versatility Extensive capabilities Focused on web testing Broad range of use cases Versatile for web and mobile Versatile for various automation tasks 
iFrame Support Supported Supported (limited) Supported (limited) Supported Supported 
Parallel Execution Supported Limited support Supported Supported Supported 
Element Selection Powerful and flexible selectors Limited, primarily DOM-based Varied selection methods Flexible and powerful selectors Versatile selection methods 
Flakiness Handling Robust retry mechanism Requires workarounds Some built-in retry functionality Robust retry capabilities Customizable handling strategies 

Read Also: Factors That Led Playwright To Become the Top Test Automation Framework


In the realm of automation testing, choosing the right tool is paramount. This in-depth Playwright comparison against notable contenders like Cypress, Selenium, WebdriverIO, and Robot Framework. While other tools have their merits, Playwright’s efficiency, versatility, and developer-centric approach make it a compelling choice for modern web and mobile application testing, promising effective and reliable testing strategies for your projects. 

If you’re in search of skilled QA testers, we invite you to connect with us. Testrig Technologies stands as a prominent Automation Testing Company, dedicated to offering all-encompassing QA services. Our proficiency spans across a range of automation tools, including Cypress, Selenium, Appium, WebdriverIO, and Robot Framework.

We specialize in delivering extensive testing solutions for diverse software applications, whether your needs involve web automation, mobile app testing, or other aspects of quality assurance. With a well-established history of providing top-notch testing solutions, Testrig Technologies is prepared to meet your requirements with excellence.